CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME (CSS) IMPLEMENTED IN PROTECTED AREAS OF TAMIL NADU
Management activities cover under Centrally Sponsored Shared and State Scheme are mostly intervention measures related to,
- Habitat restoration and improvement
- Protection and Conservation measures
- Management planning and Human Resources Development
- Eco Development and Community participation in conservation of bio resources.
- Mitigation of Human Wildlife Conflict
- Promotion of low impact eco - tourism.
Some of the major schemes are,
- Project Tiger
- Project Elephant
- Biosphere Reserve
- National Park
- Wildlife Sanctuaries and Birds Sanctuaries
- Conservation Reserve
- Mangroves and Coral Reefs
The Forest Department has undertaken various measures to conserve Tigers and their habitats in Tamil Nadu. There are four Tiger Reserves in Tamil Nadu viz., KalakadMundanthurai Tiger Reserve in Tirunelveli district, Anamalai Tiger Reserve in Coimbatore and Tiruppur districts, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in Nilgiris district and Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Erode district. Tiger is being the top carnivore it is an indicator of the healthy eco-system. The Government of India have sanctioned Rs.35.63 Crores (including village relocation in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve for Rs.14.70 Crores) and released Rs.29.77 Crores (including State share) during the year 2016-17. This scheme will be continued in the subsequent years.
Project Elephant scheme is implemented in four elephant reserves viz. Nilgiris Eastern Elephant Reserve, Coimbatore Elephant Reserve, Anamalai Elephant Reserve and Periyar Elephant Reserve. Tamil Nadu is one of the leading States in elephant population and their habitat management. This scheme is being implemented to protect the elephants and to improve their habitats. This scheme is implemented during 2016-17 for Rs.1.78 Crores (including State share) and this scheme will be continued in the subsequent years.
GUIDELINES FOR DECLARATION OF ECO SENSITIVE ZONE ISSUED BY GOI:
a) Extent of ESZ:
The extent of ESZ of Protected Areas will have to be kept flexible and Protected Area specific. The width of the ESZ and type of regulations will differ from PA to PA. In case of sensitive corridors, connectivity and ecologically important patches, crucial for landscape linkage, are even beyond 10 km.
b) The procedure to be adopted:
A committee comprising the concerned Wildlife Warden, District Forest Officer an ecologist, an official from the Local Self Government and an official of the Revenue Department of the concerned area, may be formed. The committee may suggest; extent of ESZ, the requirement of such a zone to act as a shock absorber, best methods for management of the eco-sensitive zones, broad based thematic activities to be included in the Management Plan for the region
INTENSIFICATION OF FOREST MANAGEMENT SCHEME
The erstwhile Integrated Forest Protection Scheme has been implemented as a centrally sponsored scheme. The components of the scheme are protection of forest resources by strengthening protection measures for controlling forest fires, survey and demarcation of the forest boundaries to prevent encroachments by constructing the cairns, improvement of roads, provision of better communication facilities, preparation of working plans for scientific management of forest divisions, etc.
With a view to make the Integrated Forest Protection Scheme broader based, Government of India renamed this scheme as "Intensification of Forest Management". In addition to the existing components, the following four more new components have been added.
- Protection and conservation of sacred groves,
- Conservation and restoration of unique vegetation and ecosystems,
- Control and eradication of forest invasive species and
- Preparedness for meeting challenges of bamboo flowering and improved management of bamboo forests.
Details of expenditure incurred under this scheme are as follows:
|Year||Financial Achievement (Rs. in lakh)|
|2013-14||No sanction received from Government of India|
|2014-15||No sanction received from Government of India|
NATIONAL AFFORESTATION PROGRAMME (NAP)
In Tamil Nadu, the forests extend over an area of 22,877 sq. kms. This constitutes 17.59% of the State’s geographical area. One-third of the forest area is estimated to be degraded due to anthropogenic pressures. In order to restore the degraded forests in Tamil Nadu and to achieve the national target of 33% under forest and tree cover, many schemes have been / are being implemented.
NAP Scheme of MoEF&CC, GoI aims to support and accelerate the ongoing process of devolving forest protection, management and development functions to decentralized institutions of Joint Forest Management Committee (JFMC) at the village level, and Forest Development Agency (FDA) at the forest division level.
The National Afforestation Programme (NAP) is one of such schemes being implemented in Tamil Nadu. This scheme launched during 2002-03 is being implemented by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department with 100% central assistance and the objectives of the schemes are (i) to increase and / or improve forest and tree cover, (ii) Rehabilitation of degraded forests and other areas by institutionalizing decentralized / participatory forest management and supplementing livelihoods improvement process (village development, employment generation). The scheme is being implemented in three tier set up viz., State Forest Development agency, Tamil Nadu (a body registered under Societies Registration Act), Forest Development Agency and JFMCs. There are 33 Forest Development Agencies and 1230 Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs).
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