Tamil Nadu Biodiversity Conservation and Greening Project (TBGP) and Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project (BCRLIP) also provides fund for development and protection of Protected Areas.
III. Special Initiative
1) Augmenting drinking water supply to wildlife through motors energized by solar power
Natural water sources in Wildlife Sanctuaries, National Parks, Tiger Reserves and Reserve Forests are generally located in the valleys and they suffer from acute scarcity of water during summer. Due to scarcity of water, wild animals intrude human habitations looking for alternate water sources leading to human-wildlife conflicts. Supplying water to the saucer pits and tanks is a difficult task. To tackle this water scarcity problem, Tamil Nadu Forest Department is implementing the scheme "Augmenting drinking water supply to wildlife through motors energized by solar powers".
This scheme is an innovative one and is implemented in 30 locations in Four Tiger Reserves, Vellore, Dharmapuri and Coimbatore Circles. The effort has shown good impact on the ground and has assisted in mitigation of human wildlife conflicts in the areas where such facilities are provided.
2) Establishment of Forest Veterinary units
The problem of alarmingly rising Human-Wildlife Conflict is a serious problem for long term conservation of wildlife. Human–Wildlife Conflict is a phenomenon, which manifests as a result of a serious competition between wildlife and human and his live stock for food, water, space or any other resource at the same place. Such conflicts results in causing severe damage, to the life, property but also caused irreparable loss to the wildlife and its habitat.
In the past, the main duties of Forest Veterinary Officer are to compute ration and organize work schedule for the Department elephants and treatment of injured sick elephants and conducting post-mortems to assess the cause of death. Over the period of time, due to developmental activities and more biotic pressure on the forests there is escalation of Human Wildlife conflicts involving many species. Hence the nature and priority of work for the Forest Veterinary Officer has drastically changed and burden of work has increased manifold. The existing post of one Forest Veterinary Officer is technically in charge of Elephant camps in Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Sadivayal Elephant Camp and Kurumbapatti Zoo. Considering the sensitivity of the work in such a vast area, Veterinary Units were established at Erode, Krishnagir iand Tirunelveli in the interest of wildlife.
3) Formation of Rapid Response Team
The challenge involved in the Wildlife and Biodiversity Conservation is diverse. The problem of Human-Wildlife Conflict is one among the many challenges that pose a very severe threat to conservation of wildlife. Further this problem is assuming enormous proportions day by day, making the task of wildlife conservation tougher. Without addressing this problem successful conservation outcomes may be difficult to achieve.
Human–Wildlife Conflict is a phenomenon, which manifests as a result of a serious competition between wildlife and humans (and their live stock) for food, water, space or any other resource at the same placeand time leading to overlap of their operational areas. Such conflicts could result in causing severe damage, not only to the life and property of humans, but also irreparable loss to the wildlife and its habitat.
It is imperative that the Institutional as well as the individual capabilities are strengthened to deal with various crisis situation the department faces. There will be rapid response to crisis/conflict situation and immediate follow up action to contain and sort out the crisis. It is on line with the 'Strike Force" which the Police Department utilizes to respond and deal in emergency situations. The Standard Operating Protocol as advised by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for dealing with Human-Wildlife Conflict involving carnivores in and around Tiger Reserve areas mandates a provision to establish such Rapid Response Teams. Under the circumstances, Rapid Response Team with head quarters at Coimbatore, Krishnagiri and Tirunelveli have been established.
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