Forest At A Glance

Tamil Nadu is located in the southernmost State of the Indian peninsula is spread over 130,058 sq.km, which constitutes 3.96 % of the area of the country. It lies between latitude 8°05’ and 13 ° 34’ North latitudes and 76 ° 14’ and 80 ° 21’ East longitudes.The Tamil Nadu State of Forest Report gives a detailed view of the health of the forest cover of the State based on the Forest Survey of India (FSI), India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015 assessment. The State Tamil Nadu has a spectrum of nine major forest types ranging from wet evergreen forest to moist deciduous, dry deciduous, sholas, grass lands and scrub forest. The Western Ghats, the longest hill range in the State is one of the 25 global hotspots of bio-diversity and one of the three mega centers of endemism in India.

STATE OF FOREST REPORT FOR TAMIL NADU – A GLANCE

  • Forest Cover of the State as per 2015 assessment is 26,345 sq.km which is 20.26 percent of the Geographical Area (GA) of the State. There is an increase of 2501 sq.km in the forest cover of the State as compared to 2013 assessment.
  • Area under forest cover within recorded forest area is 17, 365 sq.km, forest cover outside recorded forest area is 8,980 sq.km.
  • Area under Very Dense Forest (VDF), Moderately Dense Forest (MDF) and Open Forest (OF) is 2993 sq.km (28.23% of GA), 10,469 sq.km (8.04% of GA) and 12,883 sq.km (9.90 % of GA) respectively.
  • Recorded Forest Area of the State as per 2015 assessment is 22,877 sq.km which is 17.59 percent of the Geographical Area (GA) of the State.
  • Tree cover of the State is 4,505 sq.km.
  • District-wise forest cover shows districts like Dharmapuri (3,280 sq.km), Coimbatore (2,627 sq.km), Erode (2,421 sq.km), Vellore (1,857 sq.km), The Nilgiris(1,853 sq.km) and Dindigul (1,662 sq.km) covers higher forest cover.
  • Forest cover change gives a complete picture of changes in each cover classes. Forest cover classes namely Very Dense Forest (VDF), Moderate Dense Forest (MDF) and Open Forest (OP) showed increase in forest cover due to successful Agroforestry practices and better conservation of forests.

Recorded Forest Area in Tamil Nadu (As per ISFR 2015 assessment)

Recorded Forest Area

Reserved Forest

20,293 sq. km

Protected Forest

1,782 sq. km

Unclassed Forest

802 sq. km

Total

22,877 sq. km

Of State’s Geographical Area

17.59%

Of India’s Forest Area

2.99%