Forest At A Glance

Tamil Nadu is located in the southernmost State of the Indian peninsula is spread over 130,058 sq.km, which constitutes 3.96 % of the area of the country. It lies between latitude 8°05’ and 13 ° 34’ North latitudes and 76 ° 14’ and 80 ° 21’ East longitudes.The Tamil Nadu State of Forest Report gives a detailed view of the health of the forest cover of the State based on the Forest Survey of India (FSI), India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015 assessment. The State Tamil Nadu has a spectrum of nine major forest types ranging from wet evergreen forest to moist deciduous, dry deciduous, sholas, grass lands and scrub forest. The Western Ghats, the longest hill range in the State is one of the 25 global hotspots of bio-diversity and one of the three mega centers of endemism in India.

STATE OF FOREST REPORT FOR TAMIL NADU – A GLANCE

  • Forest Cover of the State as per 2017 assessment is 26,281 sq.km which is 20.21 percent of the Geographical Area (GA) of the State. 
  • Area under forest cover within recorded forest area is 17,581 sq.km, forest cover outside recorded forest area is 8,700 sq.km.
  • Area under Very Dense Forest (VDF), Moderately Dense Forest (MDF) and Open Forest (OF) is 3672 sq.km (2.82% of GA), 10,979 sq.km (8.44% of GA) and 11,630 sq.km (8.94 % of GA) respectively.
  • Recorded Forest Area of the State as per 2017 assessment is 22,877 sq.km which is 17.59 percent of the Geographical Area (GA) of the State.
  • Tree cover of the State is 4,671 sq.km.
  • District-wise forest cover shows districts like Erode (2,307 sq. km.), Coimbatore (1,975 sq. km), Dindigul (1,876 sq.km), Vellore (1,813 sq. km), The Nilgiris(1,719 sq.km) and Dharmapuri (1,698 sq.km) covers higher forest cover.
  • The forest and tree cover of the State now is 30,952 sq km which constitutes 23.80% of the total geographical area of the State. 

Recorded Forest Area in Tamil Nadu (As per ISFR 2017 assessment)

Recorded Forest Area

Reserved Forest

20,293 sq. km

Protected Forest

1,782 sq. km

Unclassed Forest

802 sq. km

Total

22,877 sq. km

Of State’s Geographical Area

17.59%

Of India’s Forest Area

2.99%