COMPENSATORY AFFORESTATION MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING AUTHORITY(CAMPA)
The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 has succeeded in controlling the indiscriminate release of forest land for non forestry purposes. Prior to 1980, the rate of diversion of forest lands for non forestry purposes was about 1.43 lakh ha. per annum. But, with the advent of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, the rate of diversion of forest lands has come down to around 15000 ha. per annum and mostly diversion of forest land is allowed to meet the developmental needs for Drinking water projects, Irrigation projects, Transmission lines, Railway lines, Roads, Power projects, Defense related projects, Mining etc. For such diversions of forest lands for non forestry purposes, compensatory afforestation is stipulated and catchment area treatment plan, wildlife habitat improvement plan, rehabilitation plan etc. are being implemented, to mitigate the ill effects of diversion of such vast area of green forests. To monitor the effective implementation of the compensatory afforestation in the country, an authority named as "Compensatory Afforestation Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA)" is being constituted at the national level. A monitoring cell is also being set up in the Ministry of Environment & Forests to monitor the movement of proposals at various stages and the compliance of the conditions stipulated in the forestry clearances by the user agencies.
State Advisory Groups (SAGs)
The State Advisory Groups (SAGs) constituted by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India, under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 shall meet according to the timetable. In case any date indicated in the time-table happens to be a Government holiday, the meeting shall take place on the next working day.
The senior-most Conservator of Forests/Deputy Conservator of Forests of the Regional Office shall act as the Chairperson of the concerned SAG in the absence of the Chief Conservator of Forests/Conservator of Forests. Nodal Officer of the State shall act as the Member-Secretary of the concerned SAG.
The forest lands are being diverted for non - forestry uses after getting prior approval of Central Government under Forest (Conservation) Act 1980. Compensatory Afforestation in the land handed over by User Agency is one of the important conditions stipulated by the Central Government while approving the proposals for diversion of forest lands for non-forestry purpose.
Necessary amount for Compensatory Afforestation is collected from the User Agency. Further, as per the Supreme Court of India orders Dated: 30.10.2002 in I.A No. 566 W.P (Civil) No. 202 /1995 and as per the guidelines of the Government of India, Net Present Value of the forest land is also being collected from the User Agency.
In pursuance of the Hon'ble Supreme Court Orders Dated: 30.10.2002 in I.A. No. 566 in W.P (Civil) No. 202/1995, the Central Government has constituted an authority known as CAMPA (Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority) from 23.04.2004 for the purpose of management of money towards Compensatory Afforestation, Net Present Value and other money recoverable in compliance of the conditions stipulated by the Central Government while according approval for diversion of forest land for non-forestry uses under the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980.
In pursuance of the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India orders and with reference to the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi on State Compensatory Afforestation Fund management Planning Authority on 2nd July 2009 to utilize the money deposited in Adhoc - CAMPA, the Government of Tamil Nadu in G.O. Ms. No. 127 E & F (FR.10) Department dated: 24.09.2009 established the State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (State CAMPA) and constituted the Governing Body, the Steering Committee and the Executive Committee consisting of the following members with effect from the date of 24th September 2009 :-
- (i) Chief Minister - Chairperson.
- (ii) Minister of Finance - Member
- (iii) Minister of Forests - Member
- (iv) Chief Secretary - Member
- (v) Principal Secretary (Finance) - Member
- (vi) Principal Secretary (Planning) - Member
- (vii) Principal Chief Conservator of Forests - Member
- (viii) Chief Wildlife Warden - Member
- (ix) Principal Secretary (Forests) - Member Secretary.
(B)THE STEERING COMMITTEE
- (i)Chief Secretary - Chair person.
- (ii) Principal Chief Conservator of Forests - Member
- (iii) Principal Secretary (Finance) - Member
- (iv) Principal Secretary (Planning) - Member
- (v) Principal Secretary (Forests) - Member
- (vi) Chief Wild Life Warden - Member
- (vii) Nodal Officer Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Forest Conservation Act) - Member
- (viii) Representative of the Ministry of Environment, forests and Climate Change, GoI - Member.
The Role of the Steering Committee as defined in the G.O. is as follows:
The Steering Committee shall:-
- Lay down and / or approve rules and procedures for the functioning of the body and its Executive Committee subject to the overarching objectives and core principles of the State CAMPA.
- Monitor the progress of the utilization of funds released by the State CAMPA.
- Approve the Annual Plan of Operation (APO) prepared by the Executive Committee
- Approve the annual reports and audited accounts of the State CAMPA.
- Ensure inter-departmental coordination.
- Meet at least once in six months.
(C) THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE:
- (i) Principal Chief Conservator of Forests - Chairperson
- (ii) Chief Wild Life Warden - Member.
- (iii) Nodal Officer Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (FCA) - Member
- (iv)Financial Controller / Financial Adviser in the Office of the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Head of Forest Force) - Member
The role of the Executive Committee as defined in the G.O. is as follows.
The State Level Executive Committee among other things shall:
- Take all steps for giving effect to the State CAMPA and overarching objectives and core principles, in accordance with rules and procedures approved by the Steering Committee and the approved APO.
- Prepare the APO of the State for various activities, submit it to the Steering Committee before end of December for each financial year, and obtain the Steering committee's concurrence for release of funds, while giving break-up of the proposed activities and estimated costs:
- Be responsible for proper auditing of both receipt and expenditure of funds.
- Develop the code for maintenance of the account at the implementing agency level.
- Submit reports to the Steering Committee for review / consideration and
- Prepare Annual Report by end-June for each financial year.
Every year Annual Plan Operation has to be prepared with the main components approved in the guidelines of CAMPA/State CAMPA and got approval from the Steering Committee of State CAMPA.
The Annual Plan Operation under CAMPA shall be prepared with the following main components to fulfill the objectives of CAMPA guidelines.
Five main components under State CAMPA
- Compensatory Afforestation
- Conservation, Protection, regeneration and management of existing natural forests:
- Conservation, Protection and Management of Wildlife and its habitat within and outside protected areas including the consolidation of the protected areas.
- Environmental services which include provision of goods such as woods etc.
- Research, Training and Capacity Building.
The Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (HoFF) is the Chairman of the Executive Committee receiving proposals from the various officers from the State to finalise the Annual Plan Operation and sending the same to the Steering Committee for approval. The Chief Secretary to Government being the Chairman of the Steering Committee holding meetings to approve the Annual Plan Operations proposed by the Executive Committee of State CAMPA. After the approval of the Annual Plan Operation by Steering Committee the same is sent to the Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, NewDellhi requiring funds to implement the proposals. The Government of India is releasing the funds to the tune of 10% of the available balance of Tamil Nadu share with the Adhoc CAMPA for implementing the works as per the Annual Plan Operation.
Government Orders related to STATE CAMPA
In the previous years the progress made under State CAMPA utilizing the funds received from Adhoc CAMPA are furnished below for perusal. The approval of the Steering Committee for the Annual Plan Operations of 2015-16 and 2016-17 were sent to Government of India seeking funds. As against the APO of 2016-17 the Government of India have released Rs.5.00 crores on 18.10.2016 and no fund was released for the approved APO of 2015-16.
|Year of APO||Date of Approval by Steering Committee||Amount approved in the APO||Amount released by GOI||Expenditure incurred|
|(Rs. in lakhs)|
|2009-10||No APO prepared||-||197.130||167.920|
The overall achievement under State CAMPA works out to 82 %. (excluding the APO of 2015-16 and 2016-17).
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