Social Forestry & Extension

Forestry Extension

            According to National forest policy at least 33% of the total geographical area of the country should be under tree / forest cover to improve eco-system.  As there is no scope to increase forest area, thrust has been given to increase tree / green cover outside forests.  It is imperative to expand our tree resources outside the natural forest area to meet the ever-increasing demand of the forest produce. 

OBJECTIVES

            In Tamil Nadu Forestry Extension activities are being carried out through Forestry Extension centers established in all the Districts. These Centers are mandated to

  1. Transfer the improved technology of tree cultivation to farmland, motivate the people to take up tree planting and provide platform for Eco-education.
  2. To expand our Forest/ tree resources outside natural forests, thereby increase the tree cover to 33%of total geographical area of Tamil Nadu.
  3. To increase the tree cover in urban and rural areas by massive tree planting to mitigate pollution.
  4. To create awareness among the public, especially youth and school children, about the values and importance of trees and forests.
  5. To generate employment opportunities among the educated youth and more particularly in rural people and thereby increase their economic status.

            Forestry extension centres provide technical support for tree growing in rural areas through 32 forestry extension centres in Tamil Nadu. These centres provide quality tree seedlings like thornless bamboo, casuarina, teak, neem, Melia dubia, grafted tamarind, nelli, etc. to the farmers.  These seedlings were planted in private lands.  These lands have become demonstration plots.  

Details of forestry extension centres in Tamil Nadu

        The forestry extension centres in the districts were formed to interpret the planting techniques and uses of trees, medicinal plants, fodder and to create awareness about the importance of forests among the public.

 

Sl. No.

Name of Extension Centre

Name of the district

Year of formation

Construction under which scheme

1

M.R. Playam

Trichy

1990-91

Social Forestry

2

Krishnagiri

Krishnagiri

1990-91

Social Forestry

3

Arasanur

Sivagangai

1990-91

Social Forestry

4

Tirunelveli

Tirunelveli

1990-91

Social Forestry

5

Chttharkoil

Salem

1999-00

TAP Phase-I

6

Mangarai

Coimbatore

1999-00

TAP Phase-I

7

Neyveli

Cuddalore

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

8

Ulundurpettai

Villupuram

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

9

Chengalpattu

Kancheepuram

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

10

Tirvannamalai

Tiruvannamalai

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

11

Arasalur

Erode

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

12

Pallikonda

Vellore

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

13.

Pasumalai

Madurai

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

14

Dindigul

Dindigul

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

15

Thanjaur

Thanjavur

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

16

Thoppukollai

Pudukkottai

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

17

Srivalliputtur

Virudhunagar

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

18

Sathankulam

Thoothukudi

2001-02

TAP Phase-I

19

Vaigai Dam

Theni

2002-03

TAP Phase-I

20

Ooty

The Nilgiris

2005-06

TAP Phase-2

21

Attanur

Namakkal

2005-06

TAP Phase-2

22

Tiruchampalli

Nagapattinam

2005-06

TAP Phase-2

23

Ramanathapuram

Ramanathapuram

2005-06

TAP Phase-2

24

Aralvaimoli

Kanyakumari

2005-06

TAP Phase-2

25

Nanmangalam

Chennai

2006-07

TAP Phase-2

26

Poondi

Tiruvallur

2006-07

TAP Phase-2

27

Chinnathaiplayam

Karur

2006-07

TAP Phase-2

28

Chithali

Perambalur

2006-07

TAP Phase-2

29

Tiruvarur

Tiruvarur

2006-07

TAP Phase-2

30

Harur

Dharmapuri

2006-07

TAP Phase-2

31

Sevandhampalayam

Tiruppur

2015-16

TBGP

32

Melakarupur

Ariyalur

2015-16

TBGP

 

Major activities of Forestry Extension Centres

  • Training on tree growing
  • Publicity and propaganda
  • Formation of demonstration plots
  • Raising and supply of seedlings on subsidy
  • Awareness creation among school children and youth about the importance of forests through training and camps

Training 

Training has been organized for the farmers by the FE division personnel and by inviting resource persons/ subject matter specialists. During the training program, the farmer trainees have been made aware of various improved technologies of tree growing and post harvest technology practices and also motivated to take up tree planting. Hands-on training on various income generation activities like Tree cultivation, Medicinal plant cultivation, Vermi-compost and VAM production etc. have also been imparted to rural womenfolk and Self Help Groups.

 Eco-education 

Highlighting the importance of forests has been imparted to the youth and children.  Publicity boards, charts, posters etc., have been prepared and displayed at vantage points. Exhibitions have been organized by displaying models, charts, posters etc., in places of public gathering. Environmental awareness has been generated among youth and school children by organizing painting, essay writing, elocution competition on special occasions.

Demonstration (on farm trials):

            Demonstration is an acknowledged method of sensitising people about the value of improved tree cultivation practices. Fast growing, high yielding and drought tolerant tree species like thornless bamboo, Casuarina junghuhniana, Ailanthus excelsa, Melia dubia etc. have been introduced to the farming communities through this activity. In addition to the above, high quality tree seedlings and grafts have been sold to public at 50% subsidised rates for planting in their fields.

 Vermicasting and VAM production

 Vermi-compost and VAM production structures have been established. The SHGs and the individuals interested in taking up Vermi-compost production as an activity have been given training on the various aspects of vermi-compost production. The Vermi-compost and VAM produced in the Extension centers is being used for departmental purpose for time being.

            Moreover, notices and brochures containing the details related to tree growing have been distributed to the public.  Publicity boards with the details related to tree growing have been also prepared and installed in highways to create awareness among the public about tree growing.        

Tree Growers Society

            At present, the number of persons receiving technical support from the Forestry extension centres are kept increasing.  The Forest department is actively involved in formation of Tree Grower's societies in various districts.  Now, Tree Grower's Societies formed in Tiruvannamalai, Pudukkottai, Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Villupuram and Sivaganga districts are effectively functioning. 

            All measures have been undertaken to increase forest / tree cover of Tamil Nadu by involving local people in tree growing activities, vermi-compost production and environmental conservation through these forestry extension centres.