TNFOREST :: Tamil Nadu Forest Department

Wildlife

WILDLIFE OFFICERS OF TAMIL NADU

Sl. No Designation Office Address E-mail Phone No

1.

Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and Chief Wildlife Warden

Panagal Maaligai, Saidapet, Chennai – 15

cwlw_wildlife3@yahoo.in

044 – 24321738

2.

Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife)

6-D, Panagal Maaligai, Saidapet, Chennai – 15

cwlw_wildlife3@yahoo.in

044 – 24329137

3.

Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Project Tiger)

Bharathi Park Road, Coimbatore – 43.

apccfpt@gmail.com

0422 – 245919

4.

Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and Director, Arignar Anna Zoological Park

Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur, Chennai – 48,

directoraazp1@gmail.com

044 – 22751089

5.

Chief Conservator of Forests (Biodiversity Conservation)

6-D, Panagal Maaligai, Saidapet, Chennai – 15

cwlw_wildlife3@yahoo.in

044 – 24312574

6.

Chief Conservator of Forests and Field Director, Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

NGO ‘A’ Colony, Tirunelveli – 7.

ccfkmtr@yahoo.com

0462 – 2552663

7.

Chief Conservator of Forests and Field Director, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

Mount Stuart Hills, Udhagamandalam–1

fdmtrooty@gmail.com

0423 – 2444098

8.

Chief Conservator of Forests and Field Director, Anamalai Tiger Reserve

365/1, Meenkarai Road, Pollachi

fielddirectoratr@gmail.com

04259 – 225356

9.

Chief Conservator of Forests and Field Director, Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

Roja Nagar, Veerappanchatram Post, Erode – 638 011

cferd@tn.nic.in

cferd.tn@nic.in

0424 – 2291876

10.

Wildlife Warden, Chennai

Guindy National Park, Chennai – 22.

wlwchennai@yahoo.co.in

044 – 22351471

11.

Wildlife Warden, Ramanathapuram

Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park, Mandapam Road (Opp. ITI), Ramanathapuram–623 502

gommnp@gmail.com

dmurmdwl@gmail.com

04567 – 230079

12.

Wildlife Warden, Nagapattinam

Collectorate Complex, 329, 3rd Floor, Nagapattinam – 611 001.

wlwngp@gmail.com

04365 – 253091

04365 – 253092

13.

District Forest Officer and Deputy Director, Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Sathyamangalam

Gopi Road, Sathyamangalam – 638402

dfosathyamangalam@gmail.com

04295 – 220312

14.

District Forest Officer and Deputy Director, Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Hassanur

Hasanur Forest Campus, Erode – 638 401

dfoddstrhasanur@gmail.com

04295 – 244226

15.

Deputy Director / Wildlife Warden, Project Director,

Mukudal Road, Ambasamudram – 627 401

ddambai@yahoo.co.in

04634–250 594

16.

Deputy Director / Wildlife Warden, Kalakad Sanctuary

Sivanaperi Post, Kalakd – 627501

kmtr_kalakad@yahoo.in

04635–261100

17.

District Forest Officer, Tiruppur Division and Deputy Director, Anamalai Tiger Reserve

Babukan Street, Near Nagarachi Kalyana Mandapam, Dhali Road, Udumalpet – 642 126

dfo.tntpr@nic.in

dfo.tntpr@gmail.com

04252 – 232523

18.

District Forest Officer and Deputy Director, Anamalai Tiger Reserve

365/1, Meenkarai Road, Pollachi

dfoatrpoy@gmai.com

04259 – 235385

19.

Deputy Director, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

Mount Stuart Hills, Udhagamandalam–1

ddmtrooty@gmail.com

0423 - 2444098

20.

Wildlife Warden, Srivilliputhur

Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary, Opp. Aavin Milk, Madurai Road, Pillaiyarnatham Post, Srivilliputhur – 620125

dmusvpwl@gmail.com

wildlifesvpr@gmail.com

04563 – 260565

21.

Wildlife Warden, Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary

KRR Nagar, Theni – 625531.

wlwmegamalai@yahoo.com

04546 – 250296

Introduction:

Wildlife Conservation Initiative in Tamil Nadu:

Recognizing the value and need for conservation of the wildlife wealth of the State, Tamil Nadu Government enacted separate law for protection of our valuable animals (The Tamil Nadu Wild Elephants Preservation Act 1873 and The Wild Birds and Animals (Protection) Act,1912), much before enactment of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary was declared way back in 1936, which was the “first” Birds Sanctuary in India. A ‘Sanctuary for Tiger’ in Mundanthurai was declared in 1962 almost eleven years earlier than the launch of ‘Project Tiger’ in the country in 1973.

Wildlife and Biodiversity Conservation:

Tamil Nadu has been a pioneer State in Protected Area management and development of forest resources and wildlife. The total area under the protected area management is 7,072.95 sq. km. which comes to 30.92% of the State’s Forest area. The Protected Areas in the State includes 5 National parks, 15 Wildlife sanctuaries, 15 bird sanctuaries and 2 conservation reserves besides 4 Tiger Reserves viz. Anamalai, Kalakkad - Mundanthurai,Mudumalai and Sathyamangalam. These Protected Areas have been established under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Further Tamil Nadu also has the distinction of having 3 Biosphere Reserves viz. Nilgiris, Gulf of Mannar and Agasthiarmalai, which are internationally acclaimed for their rich and unique biodiversity. The Western Ghats are one of the 25 global hotspots and one of the 3 mega centers of endemism in India. The genetic assemblage of Tiger Reserves, Mukurthi, Srivilliputhur, Kanniyakumari and Megamalai owe their richness in flora and fauna to their locations in Western Ghats. The Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project pursued at Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is a new endeavor in perusing conservation at landscape level, covering five districts namely, Kanniyakumari, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar, Madurai and Theni. The State endeavour to improve wildlife wealth through the following practices:

  • To improve the wildlife habitats by extending and strengthening the area wherever required and ensuring connectivity of habitats.
  • Management of wildlife resources at Landscape level with better Inter-State Coordination.
  • Harness the sentiments of tribal and forest dwellers in wildlife management while ensuring livelihood security.
  • Efforts to protect the migratory birds and to conserve their habitats.
  • Conservation of Wetlands for Avian fauna.
  • Inventory of Biodiversity for Bio-prospecting.
  • Understanding the lesser known diversity for conservation gains.

The details of Wildlife Sanctuaries, Birds Sanctuaries, National Parks and Conservation Reserve in Tamil Nadu are as follows:

Updated January 2017

Name of Wildlife Sanctuary Sanctuary Area in ha District in which located Designation of the Officer Year in which started
WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES      

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

21776.00

Nilgiris

CCF & FD, MTR, Ooty

1940

Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary (R.F. 35228.38 + R.L.22979.20)

58207.58

Tirunelveli

CCF & FD, KMTR, Tirunelveli

1962

 

Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary

1728.81

Nagapattinam

WLW, Nagapattinam

1967

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary

84149.00

Coimbatore

CCF & FD, ATR, Pollachi

1976

Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary

22358.00

Tirunelveli

CCF & FD, KMTR, Tirunelveli

1976

 

Vallanadu Black Buck Sanctuary

1641.00

Tuticorin

DFO, Tuticorin

1987

Grizzled Giant Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary

48520.00

Virudhunagar

WLW, Srivilliputtur

1988

Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary

40239.55

Kanyakumari

DFO, Kanyakumari

2007

Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary

141160.94

Erode

DFO, Sathyamangalam

2008, 2011

Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary

26910.81

Theni and Madurai

WLW, Theni,

2009

Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary Block A and Block B

12407.27

Thanjavur and Tiruvarur

Nagapattinam

WLW, Nagapattinam

DFO, Tiruvarur

2013

Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary

60895.482

Dindigul and Theni

DFO, Kodaikanal

2013

Gangaikondan Spotted Deer Sanctuary

288.40

Tirunelveli

DFO, Tirunelveli

2013

Cauvery North Wildlife Sanctuary

50433.48

Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri

DFO, Hosur

2014

Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary

35673.33

Tirunelveli

DFO, Tirunelveli

2015

Total 606389.657      
BIRDS SANCTUARIES        

Vettangudi birds Sanctuary

38.40

Sivagangai

DFO, Sivagangai

1977

Pulicat Lake Birds Sanctuary

15367

Tiruvallur

WLW, Chennai

1980

Karikili Birds Sanctuary

61.21

Kancheepuram

WLW, Chennai

1989

Kanjirankulam Birds Sanctuary

104.00

Ramanathapuram

WLW, Ramad

1989

Chitrangudi Birds Sanctuary

47.63

Ramanathapuram

WLW, Ramad

1989

Koonthankulam-Kadankulam Birds Sanctuary

129.00

Tirunelveli

DFO, Tirunelveli

1994

Vellode Birds Sanctuary

77.18

Erode

DFO, Erode

1997

Vedanthangal Birds Sanctuary

30.00

Kancheepuram

WLW, Chennai

1998

Udayamarthandpuram Birds Sanctuary

45.28

Tiruvarur

DFO, Tiruvarur

1998

Melaselvanur-Kilaselvanur Birds Sanctuary

593.08

Ramanathapuram

WLW, Ramad

1998

Vaduvoor birds Sanctuary

128.10

Tiruvarur

DFO, Tiruvarur

1999

Karaivetti Birds Sanctuary

453.71

Ariyalur

DFO, ­Ariyalur

2000

Theerthangal Bird Sanctury

29.29

Ramanathapuram

WLW, Ramad

2010

Sakkarakottai Tank Birds Sanctuary

230.49

Ramanathapuram

WLW, Ramad

2012

Oussudu Lake Birds Sanctuary

331.785

Villupuram

DFO, Villupuram

2015

Total 17666.155      
NATIONAL PARKS        

Guindy National Park

270.57

Chennai

WLW, Chennai

1978

Gulf of Mannar Marine Park (21 Islands) Reserve Land - 623.12 Ha + Sea area - 51978.88 Ha

52602

Ramanathapuram & Tuticorin

WLW, Ramnad

1986

Indira Gandhi National Park

11710

Coimbatore

CCF & FD, ATR, Pollachi

1989

Mukurthi National Park

7846

Nilgiris

CCF & FD, MTR, Ooty

2001

Mudumalai National Park

10323

Nilgiris

CCF & FD, MTR, Ooty

2005

Total 82751.57      
CONSERVATION RESERVE      

Thiruppudaimaruthur Birds Conservation Reserve

2.84

Tirunelveli

DFO, Tirunelveli

2005

Suchindrum-Theroor –Managudi Conservation Reserve

484.77

Kanniyakumari

DFO, Kanniyakumari

2015

Total 487.61      

ABSTRACT

S.No Sanctuary & National Parks Total Nos. Total area in Hectares

1

Wildlife Sanctuaries

15

606389.657

2

Birds Sanctuaries

15

17666.155

3

National Parks

5

82751.570

4

Conservation Reserve

2

487.610

Total   707294.992

BIOSPHERE RESERVES IN TAMIL NADU

S. No Name of Reserve Area in Hectares
1

Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve

2,53,800

2

Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve

10,50,000

3

Agasthiyarmalai Biosphere Reserve

1,67,236

  Total 14,71,036

ELEPHANT RESERVES IN TAMIL NADU

Updated January 2017

Sl. No Name of Elephant Reserve District Name of the Division. Area

1.

Nilgiris – Eastern Ghat (Nilgiri Elephant Reserve)

Nilgiris

Erode, Dharmapuri

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary,

Gudalur Forest Division, Nilgiris North Forest Division,

Sathyamangalam Forest Division,

Erode Forest Division, Dharmapuri Forest Division,, Hosur Forest Division, Nilgiris South Forest Division,.

 

4,66,245 Hectares

2.

Nilambur

Silent Valley Coimbatore Elephant Reserve ( Nilambur Elephant Reserve )

Coimbatore, Nilgiris

Coimbatore Forest Division,, Mukkuruthi National Park, Nilgiris South Forest Division,.

56,557 Hectares.

3.

Periyar Elephant Reserve

(Srivilliputhur Elephant Reserve)

Theni, Virudhunagar, Tirunelveli

 

Srivilliputhur Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary, Theni Forest Division, Tirunelveli Forest Division,

1,24,910 Hectares

4.

Anamalai – Parambikulam Elephant Reserve (Anamalai Elephant Reserve)

Coimbatore, Dindigul

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, Dindigul Forest Division, Kodaikanal Forest Division,

1,45,723 Hectares

TIGER RESERVES IN TAMIL NADU

Updated January 2017

S. No Name of Reserve Core area in Sq. Km Buffer area in Sq. Km Total area in Sq. Km

1

Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

895.00

706.542

1601.542

2

Anamalai Tiger Reserve

958.59

521.28

1479.87

3

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

321.00

367.59

688.59

4

Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

793.493

614.912

1408.405
 

TOTAL

2968.083

2210.324

5178.407

 

MANGROVES & CORAL REEFS

Sl. No. Name of the Mangroves Name of the Districts Area in Ha
1

Muthupet

Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur and Thanjavur

11,885.91

2

Pitchavaram

Villupuram

1413.98

3

Ramanad

Ramanathapuram

582.07

    Total 13,881.96
Sl. No. Name of the Coral Reefs Name of the Districts Total in Ha
1

Coral Reefs in Gulf of Mannar

Ramanathapuram

56000 ha in 21 islands of Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

WETLANDS

S. No Name of Wetlands Districts Area in Hectares

1

Point Calimere

Nagappattanam

38500

2

Kazhuveli

Vilupuram

7400

3

Pallikkaranai

Chengalpattu

690.53

  Total   46590.53

Estimation

Tiger Population in Tamil Nadu was estimated as 229 during 2014 (National Tiger Conservation Authority)

Elephant Population in Tamil Nadu was estimated as 3987 during 2012 (Asian Nature Conservation Foundation, Tamil Nadu Forest Department and Indian Institute of Science, (Bangalore.)

Eco Tourism and accommodation facilities available for tourists in the following Protected Areas.

For details please contact:-

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve 0423-2526235 (mtronlinebooking@gmail.com)

Anamalai Tiger Reserve04259-238360

Kalakadu Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve0462-2552663

Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve 0424-2291876

Vedanthangal Birds Sanctuary - 044-22351471

Conservation and Protection of Marine Bio-diversity in the Gulf of Mannar:

The key coastal habitats in the Gulf of Mannar are coral reefs, sea grass and mangroves. These habitats are some of the most diverse and valuable ecosystems on Earth. Marine ecosystems of Tamil Nadu, provides livelihoods to many local fishing communities in the Gulf of Mannar coast, besides acting as buffer to adjacent shorelines from strong waves, help prevent erosion, property damage and loss of life. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Trust has added to the State’s effort in the conservation of marine biodiversity ensuring the livelihood security of the people along the coast line. To achieve significant improvement in the conservation of marine biodiversity and sustainable use of natural resources in marine and coastal ecosystems of the State, the Forest Department envisages:

  • Conservation and protection of marine biodiversity by promoting sustainable use and equitable sharing of marine resources.
  • Enhance the quality of marine habitat with the help of local communities.

WILD ANIMALS

COMMONLY INVOLVED IN HWC

In Tamil Nadu, more commonly involved Wildlife in human-Wildlife conflicts, where the damage is caused to man and his property, are - elephants (Elephas maximus), tigers (Panthera tigris), leopards (Panthera pardus), wild pigs (Sus scrofa), Indian gaur (Bos gaurus), bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata), marsh crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris), peafowl (Pavo cristatus) etc., Whereas, on the other side of the human-Wildlife conflicts, almost all the Wildlife and their habitat are impacted by the human induced interruptions/interferences.

Human Wildlife Conflict Zones of Tamil Nadu:

Updated 2017

Sl.No. Name of the Elephant Reserve Name of the Division Intensity

1.

Nilgiris Eastern Ghats (Nilgiri Elephant Reserve):

1. Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

High

2. Gudalur Forest Division

High

3. Nilgiris North Forest Division

High

4. Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

High

5. Erode Forest Division

Medium

6. Dharmapuri Forest Division

Medium

7. Hosur Forest Division

High

8. Nilgiris South Forest Division.

Medium

       

2.

Nilambur - Silent Valley Coimbatore ( Nilambur Elephant Reserve):

1. Coimbatore Division

High

   

2. Mukurthi National Park

Low

   

3. Nilgiris South Forest Division

Medium

       

3.

Periyar (Srivilliputhur Elephant Reserve):

1. Grizzled Giant Squirrel Wildlife

Sanctuary

Medium

   

2. Theni Forest Division

Medium

   

3. Tirunelveli Forest Division.

Medium

       

4.

Anamalai - Parambikulam (Anamalai Elephant Reserve):

1. Anamalai Tiger Reserve

High

   

2. Dindigul Forest Division

Medium

   

3. Kodaikanal Forest Division.

Medium

 

Forest department have initiated measures that benefit both the wildlife and local human communities, enabling mutually beneficial co-existence. Many initiatives are targeted to address Human wildlife conflicts and its mitigation:

  • Surveillance of vulnerable areas and monitoring of wildlife habitats.
  • Mitigation measures to prevent Human wildlife conflicts
  • GIS enabled information and technology driven system for monitoring of wildlife habitats to reduce human wildlife conflicts.
  • Sensitizing the inhabitants and locals through modern tools and technologies.
  • Timely distribution of benefits to win confidence of people.
  • Protocols for the rescue and rehabilitation of wildlife straying out of forest areas.

Strengthening the veterinary services for wildlife through Rapid Response Teams and Mobile Veterinary Units.

Details of Relief paid for the damage by wildlife: (G.O.MS.No.141 Environment and Forests (FR.5) Department dated 25.11.2016)

Payment of compensation for loss of life/injury/crop damage/property damage/loss of life stock etc., are made immediately as far as possible subject to production of documents.

Updated January 2017

1.

Human death or Permanent Incapacitation

Rs. 4,00,000/-

2.

Major Injury

Rs. 59,100/-

3.

Crop Damage

Rs. 25,000 per acre or as per actual whichever is less Coconut tree Rs. 500/- per tree

4.

Damage to Tiled / RCC House / Thatched House

Fully damaged house

Pucca house Rs. 95,100/- per house

Kucha house Rs. 10,000/- per house

Severely Damaged house

Pucca house Rs. 95,100/- per house

Kucha house Rs. 5,000/- per house

Partially damaged house

Rs. 5,200/- per house

5.

Damage to Vehicle, loss of cattle or live stock

Milch cattle Rs. 30,000/-

Bullock Rs. 25,000/-

Goat Rs. 3000/-

Sheep Rs. 3000/-

Poultry Rs. 100/- per bird

Pig Rs. 3000/- or actual value whichever is less

6.

House hold articles / other house hold

Actual loss or Rs. 2000/- whichever is less

7.

Damage to shop

Rs. 4000/-

8.

Damage to irrigation or drinking water wells, electric motor

Rs. 2000/-

9.

Vehicle compensation

Rs. 2000/-

Human Death caused by Wild animals (2011-12 to 2016-17)

 
updated 03.02.2017
S.
No.
Year Elephant Indian Gaur Tiger Leopard Bear Crocodile Wild boar Deer Other Animal TOTAL
1 2011-12

47

5

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

54
2 2012-13

50

4

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

55
3 2013-14

52

6

3

0

1

1

2

0

0

65
4 2014-15

31

2

1

3

2

3

3

0

0

45
5 2015-16

49

9

1

0

1

1

2

0

0

63
6 2016-17

36

7

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

44
TOTAL 265 33 5 5 4 5 7 2 0 326


Relief paid due to Human-Wildlife Conflict (2011-12-to 2016-17 ) Updated 03.02.2017
Sl. No Item 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 Total
No. of cases, for which compensation paid Amount paid for compensation (in lakhs) No. of cases, for which compensation paid Amount paid for compensation (in lakhs) No. of cases, for which compensation paid Amount paid for compensation (in lakhs) No. of cases for which compensation paid Amount paid for compensation (in lakhs) No. of cases, for which compensation paid Amount paid for compensation (in lakhs) No. of cases, for which compensation paid Amount paid for compensation (in lakhs) No. of cases, for which compensation paid Amount paid for compensation
1 Human Death 58 105.050 53 122.134 50 141.000 66 186.620 69 196.750 24 76.749 320 828.303
2 Injuries 67 13.650 60 11.500 71 13.135 128 28.690 157 31.022 61 12.626 544 110.623
3 Crop damages 2461 128.185 2253 173.451 1117 109.640 2843 255.438 2930 250.781 1423 117.667 13027 1035.162
4 Live Stock damages 76 5.391 100 7.046 94 7.307 172 15.695 212 16.749 97 8.325 751 60.513
5 Property damages 128 7.015 132 7.110 132 5.313 137 7.055 114 4.632 15 0.575 658 31.700
Total 2790 259.291 2598 321.241 1464 276.395 3346 493.498 3482 499.934 1620 215.942 15300 2066.301

Details of Elephant Deaths in Tami Nadu (From 01.01.2014 to 31.12.2016)

 
S. No Year Natural Poaching Poisoning Electrocution Road Accidents Train Accidents Grand Total
Makhna M F Y Total M F Y Total M F Y Total M F Y Total Makhna M F Y Total Makhna M F Y Total
1 2011 3 9 25 25 62 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 2